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|The Bible is reconstructed from lost originals.
The Qur'an has been preserved in its original form.
The original text of every part of the Bible has been lost. Much of biblical research is concerned with restoring texts as closely as possible to the original autographs, establishing the most original or most authoritative text, and attempting to trace the development of the oral traditions that preceded written texts. These attempts to find original texts, restore texts, and trace oral traditions are based on the fact that the originals — whether oral or written — have been lost. The importance of finding the Dead Sea scrolls in 1947 is that these 2,000-year-old documents contain some of the oldest written texts available of materials which are centuries older, such as the book of Isaiah.
Even in the case of the New Testament, documents written during a well-recorded historical period — at the height of Imperial Rome — the original documents, written in Greek, have been lost:
"The text of the Greek New Testament has come down to us in various manuscripts. . . . The study of the various manuscript copies, and the assessment of their individual value in attempting to reconstruct the original as nearly as possible, constitutes the science of Textual Criticism." (emphasis added) [Marshall, Introduction, page v]
The original text of the entire Qur'an has been preserved. The Qur'an has been preserved both in its written form and by oral tradition — literal memorization, in fact. Less than one generation after the death of Prophet Muhammad, an official copy of the Qur'an was assembled in consultation with those who had learned the Qur'an by memory from the Prophet himself, and based on the written copy left by one of the Prophet’s scribes. No change was made. The Qur'an was passed on as the Prophet had given it. Further copies of the official copy were made and distributed throughout the Muslim state (Arabia, Persia, Palestine, Egypt) and all other copies were burned. Every Qur'an in the world today is a copy of the Qur'an dictated by the Prophet to his scribes 14 centuries ago and double-checked by those who had memorized it. One of the official copies distributed almost 14 centuries ago is preserved in a museum in Istanbul. Another is in Tashkent.
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