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|The Bible tends to be arranged chronologically.
The Qur'an is not arranged chronologically.
The Bible goes from the Creation to the End of Days. The Bible begins with the creation of the world in the Book of Genesis and ends with the apocalyptic end of the world in the Book of Revelation. The Old Testament writings are older than the New Testament writings, and the historical narratives of the Old Testament refer to earlier times than do the Gospels in the New Testament. The historical narratives of both the Old and the New Testaments are placed in the order that the events took place.
But the Bible is not always arranged in the order it was written. Much of it is arranged according to type of writing. In the Christian Old Testament, although the books of Chronicles were written centuries later, they are grouped with the books of Samuel and the books of Kings as historical narratives. In the Jewish Scriptures, Chronicles (kept together as one book, not two) is grouped with Ezra-Nehemiah (also one book, not two), which is according to when they were written.
In the New Testament, the Gospels, although placed at the beginning, were written after the Epistles. The chronological order of the historical narrative is preserved, but the order in which they were written is not chronological.
The Qur'an is not arranged chronologically. Events in the lives of the prophets are not related as part of a continuous historical narrative. Most of the Qur'an is not about historical events. The Qur'an does not tell us when particular events occurred.
Even more so than the Bible, the Qur'an is not arranged in the order it was written. The parts that were written first tend to be near the end. The parts that were written last tend to be nearer the beginning. The overall arrangement is governed by a poetic logic. Except for the first chapter, the chapters are long at the beginning and tend to become gradually shorter, with many very short chapters at the end. Chapters come in groups joined by similarity or identity of the first verse, similarities of verse structure or length, and sometimes similarities of subject matter. There are refrains and recurrent verse patterns similar to those found in poetic literature.
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